Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer that affects women throughout the world. In the year 2013-14 alone, there were cases of breast cancer in the world. Once known as the close companion of modern society, breast cancer incidence in developing societies has increased significantly with a high mortality rate. Recovery can be expected from early treatment in which case the survival rate for five years is over 90%. Treatment of breast cancer in India is very specialized with good availability of oncologists both general and surgical. The cost of treatment in India is significantly lower than that in other countries and facilities available match up with world standards.
Breast cancer is the cancer that develops from the tissue in the breast. The various signs of breast cancer have a wide range; a lump in the breast, change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple or a red scaly patch of skin. When the disease has spread, it may cause bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, and shortness of breath or yellow skin. The various causes that have been attributed to breast cancer are female sex, obesity, lack of physical exercise, drinking alcohol, hormone replacement therapy during menopause, ionizing radiation, early age at first menstruation, having children late or not at all, and older age. Breast cancer mostly develops in the cells from the lining of milk ducts in which case it is known as ductal carcinoma while those developing from lobules are known as lobular carcinomas. Breast cancer is detected by the presence of lumps in the breast tissue and is confirmed by the biopsy of the lump.